July 21, 2024
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MASLOC Trial: Court summons psychiatric doctor over ex-COO’s mental examination

A Psychiatrist at the Accra Psychiatric Hospital whose name was given as Dr Apio has been summoned to appear before the Financial and Economic Division of the High Court in Accra on November 27 to testify on the mental health condition of Daniel Axim.

This was after lawyers of Daniel Axim – a former Chief Operations Officer (COO) of Microfinance and Small Loans Centre (MASLOC), led by Augustines Obour told the court about a medical report concerning their client’s mental state.

“It is hereby ordered that A2 (2nd Accused) who is said to be under a medical examination or treatment and care of Accra Psychiatric Hospital of Dr. Apio of the Accra Psychiatric Hospital to be examined and the report filed by November 20, 2023,” Justice Afia Serwah Asare-Botwe, a Justice of the Court of Appeal ordered.

Justice Asare-Botwe who is sitting as an additional High Court judge also ordered that, the said Dr. Apio of the Accra Psychiatric Hospital is to appear before “this Court to testify” on November 27 as to whether Daniel Axim is fit to stand trial.

Mr Axim, a former COO of MASLOC is standing trial together with then Chief Executive Officer, Sedina Tamakloe Attionu, whom the court has declared ‘absconded.”

With the trial proceeding in absentia of the 1st Accused person, Mrs Tamakloe Ationu, Prosecution had since closed its case after calling four witnesses.

The Court subsequently ruled that, a prima facie case had been established by the Prosecution and the accused persons are to open their defence.

Daniel Axim, the 2nd Accused, due to the absence of the former CEO Sedinam Tamakloe Attionu, has been called upon to respond to the charges pressed against him.

However, his lawyers led by Augustines Obour has raised concerns about his client’s mental state.

In Court On Monday, November 6, 2023, Lawyer Obuor gave the court an update on his client’s mental state on medical report being sought upon examination.

“I want to bring to your (Court) attention, that the 2nd Accused has been to the psychiatric hospital for the report.

Counsel added that, his client “is coming from there (Accra Psychiatric Hospital),” but “they (Doctors) wanted you (Court) to write to them before they release the report instead of the lawyer writing.”

Lawyer Obuor explained that, “what we wanted to find out from the psychiatric Hospital is to know his (Accused) mental state so that we know where we are.”

Justice Asare-Botwe, described what counsel said to the court as “strange to the law” and that what Counsel was doing is not what the law states.

The court said, it is not counsel’s job to seek mental examination of an accused person who is before a court standing trial, saying “Let us do what the law says.”

Justice Asare-Botwe said, “if you should (even) come here with any report, we cannot use it for anything.”

The court said, where at the trial it appears to the court that, there may be something wrong with the accused person such that he is unable to appreciate the proceeding, the court will take certain steps.

Principal State Attorney, Stella Ohene Appiah raised concerns about the procedure that counsel sought to generate medical report on the accused.

“I am concerned about the process. So that others will not out of nowhere go and procure reports about the their client’s mental ability,”
Stella Ohene Appiah told the Court.

By Court

Justice Asare-Botwe said her court has been informed that the 2nd Accused had procured the services of a psychiatrist and a report was supposed to be issued today (November 6).

The Court said, per the law, although 2nd Accused had not shown any eradicated behavior indication he is of unsound mind except on one occasion when he went to sit in a different court for a long period,” the court can take steps.

“It is hereby ordered that A2 (2nd Accused) who is said to be under a medical examination or treatment and care of Accra Psychiatric Hospital of Dr. Apio of the Accra Psychiatric Hospital to be examined and the report filed Bu Nov. 20, 2023.,”

Justice Asare-Botwe also orders led that, the said Dr Apio of the Accra Psychiatric Hospital is to appear before “this Court to testify” as to whether Daniel Axim is fit to stand trial.

The case has been adjourned to to Nov. 22 for the testimony of Dr. Apio to be taken.

Respond to 78 charges

On July 31, the Financial and Economic Division of the Accra High Court ordered “absconded” former Chief Executive Officer of the Microfinance and Small Loans Centre (MASLOC), Sedina Christine Tamakloe Attionu, and the former Operations Manager of MASLOC, Daniel Axim, to open their defense and respond to 78 charges.

This was after Justice Asare-Botwe, a Justice of the Court of Appeal ruled that, through the four prosecution witnesses, a prima facie case has been established against the two.

The two were charged by the State with 78 counts namely; conspiracy to Stealing, stealing, Causing Financial Loss to the State, Causing Loss to Public Property, Improper Payment of Public Funds, Unauthorised Commitment resulting in Financial Obligation for the Government, Money Laundering and Contravention of the Public Procurement Act.

Ruling on a submission of no case on Monday, July 31, 2023, after the Prosecution had called four witnesses to closed its case, Justice Asare-Botwe, a Justice of the Court of Appeal sitting as an additional High Court judge, said the prosecution has made a case against both accused persons to answer.

Sedina Tamakloe Attionu, who is facing a trial in absentia after the court had declared her “absconded” was the Chief Executive Officer of the Microfinance and Small Loans Centre (MASLOC) from November, 2013 to January, 2017.

Whilst, Daniel Axim, is the former Chief Operations Officer at MASLOC was ever present in court.

MASLOC is a government agency set up to assist small and medium scale businesses with low interest loans.

Charges

Counts one to 35 are on charges of Stealing and Conspiracy to Commit Crime namely Stealing contrary to section 23(1) and 124(1) of the Criminal Offences Act 1960 (Act 29).

Counts 36 to 68 are on Causing Financial Loss to the State, Wilfully Causing Financial to the State and Conspiracy to Commit Crime namely Wilfully Causing Financial to the State all of which are contrary to section 23(1) and 179A (3)(a) of the Criminal Offences Act 1960 (Act 29).

Counts 70 and 71 bother on Causing Loss to Public Property, contrary to section 2 of the Public Property Protection Act 1977 (SMCD 140).

Furthermore, counts 72 and seventy three 73 has the statement of offence captured as Improper Payment of Public Funds contrary to section 96(1)(c) of the Public Financial Management Act, 2016 (Act 921).

Counts 74 charges the first accused person, Sedina Christine Tamakloe Attionu, with Unauthorised Commitment, Resulting in Financial Obligation for the Government contrary to section 96(1)(a) of the Public Financial Management Act, 2016 (Act 921).

Counts 75) to 78 preferred charges of Money Laundering contrary to section 1(1)(c) of Anti-Money Laundering Act, 2008 (Act 749) and Contravention of the Public Procurement Act contrary to section 92(1), and 40(1)(a) of the Public Procurement Act, 2003 (Act 663).

Brief facts

per the brief fact, in 2017, the Economic and Organised Crime Office (EOCO) conducted investigations into certain fraudulent disbursement of MASLOC funds involving the 1st and 2nd accused persons.

The investigations, according to the State, revealed that in June 2014, MASLOC invested a sum of GH¢150,000 in Obaatanpa Micro-Finance Company Limited (Obaatanpa), a licenced Tier II microfinance company located at Ejura in the Ashanti Region.

Thereafter, the 1st accused person offered Obaatanpa a further investment sum of GH¢500,000. As a result, a MASLOC Agricultural Development Bank (ADB) cheque dated 24th July, 2014, in the sum of GH¢500,000 was drawn in favour of Obaatanpa.

Soon after Obaatanpa received the MASLOC cheque, the 1st accused person informed the Board Chairman of Obaatanpa that the investment amount of GH¢500,000 would attract 24% interest.

Obaatanpa decided to return the amount to MASLOC since the interest rate being demanded by the accused person was too high and unprofitable for its business and issued a cheque in refund of the loan amount.

The facts further state that upon presentation of the cheque, the 1st accused person declined to accept the cheque and made a demand for a cash refund.

GHc500K Obaatampa cash

A cash amount of GH¢500,000 was delivered to the 1st accused person by the Board Chairman of Obaatanpa on the night of 28th August, 2014, at the Baatsona Total Filling Station located on the Spintex Road in Accra.

By a letter dated 28th August, 2014, the 1st accused person acknowledged receipt of the refund sum.

In 2015, per letters, some of which were under the hand of the accused person, MASLOC made demands on Obaatanpa for the payment of interest on the principal investment sum of GH¢500,000.

In response to the demands, Obaatanpa wrote a reminder to MASLOC concerning the payment of the loan amount and drew the 1st accused person’s attention to the unjustified demands whereupon the demands stopped.

In 2017, upon the assumption of office of a new Chief Executive of MASLOC, a demand notice was again sent to Obaatanpa for the payment of accrued interest on the same investment sum of GH¢500,000 whereupon Obaatanpa once again informed MASLOC that the said money had already been refunded since 2014.

Investigations subsequently showed that MASLOC had no record of the amount having been paid to it and that the 1st accused person had appropriated the amount of GH¢500,000.

Sensitization funds

Investigations further revealed that in April 2016, the 1st accused person obtained approval of the MASLOC Board to utilize the sum of GH¢1,706,000 of MASLOC funds for a country wide sensitisation and monitoring programme for 85,300 beneficiaries of MASLOC loans.

Each of the targeted 85,300 beneficiaries was to receive Twenty Ghana Cedis (GH¢20) to cover transportation and refreshment.

Between April and December 2016, upon the authority of the 1st accused person a total sum of GH¢1,816,000 withdrawn in tranches, was received by the 1st and 2nd accused persons even though approval had been given by the MASLOC Board for a sum of GH¢1,706,000.

Again investigations revealed that out of the sum of GH¢1,816,000 only GH¢1,300 was spent on refreshment for some beneficiaries in the Volta, Greater-Accra and Brong-Ahafo Regions only and that no programme whatsoever took place in the other seven regions.

The State in her brief facts further noted that investigations further revealed that prior to the Board’s approval, the first accused person also appropriated GHC 246,280 meant for training, sensitization and financial literacy.

Kantamanto traders cash

The investigations, the State says, disclosed that in 2013, following a fire disaster at the Kantamanto Market, the then President John Mahama directed MASLOC to provide an assistance of GH¢1,465,035 to victims of the fire disaster.

The money was however to be disbursed through Dwadifo Adamfo Savings and Loans Company Limited (Dwadifo Adamfo).

The State enquiries, it says, showed that the 1st accused person appropriated GH¢579,800 out of the sum of GH¢1,465,035.

In August 2016, the 1st accused person on behalf of MASLOC wrote to the Public Procurement Authority (PPA) for approval to procure vehicles from Mac Autos and Spare Parts Ltd (Mac Autos) for the GPRTU using the single source method under the Public Procurement Act.

In October 2016, the PPA wrote back to MASLOC requesting MASLOC to furnish it with financial arrangement approved by the Ministry of Finance.

On 5th December, 2016, the then Minister of Finance wrote to the PPA to confirm financial arrangements which were being put in place for the purchase of vehicles.

No PPA Approvals

Without any approval from PPA, the 1st accused person signed a contract with Mac Autos on 6th December, 2016, to supply MASLOC with 350 vehicles comprising of 150 Chevy Aveo Saloon, 100 Chevy Sparklite and 33-seater Isuzu buses. MASLOC applied for a tax waiver on all the vehicles.

The unit price offered by Mac Autos to MASLOC for the Chevy Aveo was GH¢74,495 ($18,883.39).

However investigations revealed that the actual retail price Mac offered for the same model within the same year without duty was GH¢47,346.93 ($12,009.91).

The unit price offered for the Chevy Sparklite was GHC 65,095.00 ($16,500.63) when the actual price offered by Mac Autos within that same period without duty was GH¢35,918.37 ($9,104.77).

For the Isuzu 33-seater buses the unit price offered to MASLOC was GH¢445,560 ($112,942.96) but the actual retail price without duty was GH¢293,877.55 ($74,493.67).

Again, in November 2016, MASLOC procured 200 pieces of Samsung B310 mobile dual sim phones under a project called PINCO Project Market Survey.

Investigations revealed that although the actual open market price of the phones was GH¢24,400, the 1st accused person purchased them at the inflated price of GH¢93,412.

Additional checks also revealed that, in January 2017, the 1st accused person, without the requisite approval and authorisation, caused to be paid to herself and her deputy, one Mustapha Abubakar Batalima, the sums of GH¢135,592.33 and GH¢82,218.76 respectively as ex gratia. Furthermore, in the same month, the 1st accused person caused to be paid to herself and her deputy cash payments in the sums of GH¢28,445.94 and GH¢27,486.62 respectively, purportedly in lieu of leave, in contravention of the law.

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